A joint-stock company is the type of organization that belongs to shareholders investing in its shares. Shareholders have restricted liability and are not responsible for the debts of the particular company.

Joint-stock companies are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to attract large amounts of capital from a wide range of investors over the years. In this article, we would like to describe to you the features of the organization of a joint-stock company in 2023.


The first stage in the creation of the company is its registry. To do this, you need to register your company with the appropriate government body, which legally depends on the country in which your firm will operate. You should send a charter of the company in which you describe the purpose, structure, and principles of the company management.

Capital structure

One of the key features of the joint-stock company is its capital structure. Joint-stock companies issue shares that represent a share in the company. The capital structure of a joint-stock company consists of two types of shares.

That is, ordinary shares and preferred shares. Common shares are the most popular type of shares that represent the ownership stake in the company. Privileged shares are a special type of shares that pay a fixed dividend and have priority over ordinary shares in the event of a company’s liquidation, usually.

Board of directors

The Board of Directors is accountable for the overall management of the company. The Board of Directors is elected by shareholders and generally consists of a group of persons with experience in business, finance, and law. The Board of Directors is responsible for determining the strategic direction of the company, hiring top management, and supervising the company.


Shareholder meeting

Shareholders’ meetings are an important aspect of the joint stock company. These meetings allow shareholders to vote on important issues such as board elections, charter changes, mergers, and acquisitions. Shareholder meetings can be held both personally and online, so it depends on the by-laws of the company.

Corporate governance

It is the system of rules, practices, and processes by which a company receives management. Quality corporate management is the key to the success of a joint-stock company. Corporate governance involves establishing clear lines of responsibility, ensuring transparency and accountability, as well as protecting the interests of shareholders.

Financial statements

Joint-stock companies are obliged to prepare financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. These financial statements should be audited by an independent auditor and made available to shareholders. Financial reporting is an important component of the activities of any joint stock company, as it helps shareholders to obtain the necessary information on the financial results of the company.

Dividend policy

Another important feature of the joint-stock company organization is its dividend policy. Dividends are expenses that a company makes to its shareholders as a return on its investments. Dividend policy is the component that the board of directors develops, so it varies depending on the financial performance of the company, the prospects for its professional growth, and other factors.

Some companies prefer to pay a portion of their profits in the form of dividends, while others may reinvest their profits into business for its developing and increasing credibility. Dividend policy can have a large impact on a company’s share price and is an important factor for investors.


The internal organization of a joint stock company includes a number of important features such as establishment, the structure of its capital, board of directors, shareholders meeting, corporate governance, and financial reporting. These features are important for the success of the joint-stock company and should be carefully monitored to ensure the efficient and useful operation of the company.